Gastric pH

Gastric pH monitoring is a technique that measures the acidity of the stomach contents using a probe inserted through the nose or mouth into the stomach. Gastric pH monitoring can be used for diagnostic purposes in critically ill patients with […]

Fecal Elastase 1

Faecal elastase 1 is a pancreatic enzyme that is excreted in the faeces and can be used as a marker of pancreatic function. Low levels of faecal elastase 1 can indicate pancreatic insufficiency, which can lead to malabsorption and other […]

Composition of microbiome

Microbiome represents all microorganisms residing on the host (i.e., mouth, lungs, gut, skin) although the majority of bacterial species reside within the gut lumen. The gut microbiome is essential for the development of the gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal immune system, the […]